In the center of most galaxies exist supermassive black holes, with gravity so powerful that even light cannot escape. For the first time ever, astronomers have documented the process by which radiation is discharged from black holes. They believe that this process might hold the key to how galaxies are formed.
According to NASA, when black holes swallow stars, they release a burst of energy. It is a flare with high-energy radiation that includes X-ray and ultraviolet light. Stellar tidal disruption events is the technical term for these celestial phenomena.
Two studies have tried to examine these galactic burps, which destroy the space dust closest to the black hole. Astronomers were able to measure the radiation this “hot dust” gives off by using data from NASA’s Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE.)
The dust which forms a shell that extends a few trillion miles from the black hole can’t be seen by the naked eye. The black hole destroys everything between itself and this dust shell. It’s as though the black hole has cleaned its room by throwing flames.
The dust particles, beyond the reach of the most intense radiation can absorb the light released during the death of the star. This will help scientists determine how much energy was generated in the destruction of the star.
Check out the amazing video below.